Food Traceability is important in food manufacturing because it helps the global food industry track products through the supply chain. This allows food manufacturer’s to recall contaminated or mislabeled product quickly and effectively. The traceability requirement in the U.S. and Canada is for companies in the supply chain to be able to track where incoming product came from and where it was shipped. Tech enabled traceability allows companies to reduce their recall windows and improve their plant visibility.
Food traceability can either be done manually with pen & 纸张，电子表格，或自动通过技术启用的过程.
Technology enabled traceability is done by adopting a robust, advanced traceability system into their production facility. These systems typically include plant-floor devices (i.e scales, and labeling systems) that gather and record production data into a centralized database. These systems help food manufacturers remove human error when collecting food traceability data. Effective tech enabled traceability systems can also significantly reduce response times when a foodborne disease outbreak or recall occur. This is done by providing rapid access to relevant and reliable information that helps determine the source and location of the associated products
可追溯性也可以通过手工笔和纸为基础的系统来实现. 手工笔和纸系统符合政府要求，但容易出现人为错误. 手动系统还可以延长召回受影响产品所需的时间. In a manual traceability system all data that’s recorded, from receiving to shipping, is hand written, logged into a master list, and then held in a spreadsheet format in case of a recall.
有许多不同类型的食品制造拉菲2注册登录可用. 选择合适的拉菲2注册登录取决于食品加工机想要完成的任务. 许多食品加工商通常使用三种主要类型的拉菲2注册登录应用程序. These include: manufacturing execution systems (MES), warehouse management systems (WMS) and plant-floor weighing & labeling software solutions.
Manufacturing execution systems (MES) are used in food production facilities to manage the entire production process. 这些系统通常是前台系统，允许用户创建产品文件, manage production schedules, and track production data.
仓库管理系统(WMS)在食品生产设施中用于管理库存. This includes receiving operations, raw ingredient inventory, finished good inventory, sales orders, and shipping operations.
Plant-floor weighing and labeling software is used in food production facilities to capture and track the weight of various items from hanging carcasses, to finished goods cases. 这些系统通常使用序列化的条形码方法来标记产品的可追溯性.
在食品生产中，WMS有两种常用的使用方法. A WMS system can be used as a standalone system or can be integrated into a larger ERP system. It should be noted that the functions and features of each are largely the same; it’s the package and style of delivery that differs. Standalone systems are used for their WMS features alone such as inventory management and warehouse operations. ERP系统是一个集中的解决方案，可以帮助进行资源规划, accounting, customer relationship management, and human resources.
今天，食品制造商可以使用许多WMS应用程序. Deciding on which WMS is right for your process will come down to defining your company’s goals.
For example, 如果您正在寻找一个集中的系统，允许您管理功能，如CRM, product creation, and costing, then an ERP system is the right solution.
If a company’s goal is to save some time and cost, and their inventory management system doesn’t need to extend into other areas of the business, then a standalone WMS system would be beneficial. 完整的ERP系统可以是昂贵的和及时的全面实施和使用. Smaller processors may benefit more by using a WMS system, 哪一家拥有规模较小的仓库和库存管理功能.
生产调度是为了使生产过程以最大的效率进行. By using a production scheduling system, 食品制造商的前台可以控制工厂生产的产品. This decision can be based around relevant data, such as inventory levels and current sales orders. This is beneficial in the food manufacturing process, because it provides production controls that prevent over producing or under producing products.
The term ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. 这些系统提供预测等领域的管理, planning, inventory, logistics and production. Common ERP modules include accounting, manufacturing executions systems (MES), warehouse management systems (WMS), and customer relationship management (CRM).
A robust ERP system is meant to consolidate all of your data into a single system which provides a birds-eye view of a company’s entire operation. ERP systems’s are designed to be a single centralized hub that is able to control all business functions.
A processing ERP in the food processing industry is helpful to maintain the recipe of products, food safety, consumer issues, and certificate of analysis, food packaging regulations, and cost of inventory.
Typical MES systems will allow food manufacturers to setup controls for their manufacturing process. These controls can be setup and configured in the front office, and pushed down to the plant-floor. 这些控制中有许多指导操作员完成配方或QA过程. 这使得前台可以在更细粒度的层面上控制制造过程.
An MES provides value to the supply chain, 通过控制和提供生产设备制造过程的可视性. MES的结果是原料到成品的可追溯性. MES还可以帮助确保整个制造过程的质量. This in turn helps distributors, and suppliers maintain a high level of confidence in the manufacturing process of finished goods.
ERP系统都是包含MES的拉菲2注册登录解决方案. 由于ERP系统有如此大的占地面积，它们可能难以实现且成本高昂. 这促使一些食品制造商寻找独立的MES系统. Since ERP systems also cover a wide variety of other modules, this can reduce the quality of an ERP’s MES solution. 一些食品制造商更喜欢专门的强大的独立MES系统.
MES is needed for food processors to improve the productivity and efficiency of the manufacturing process while reducing the total time and cost of production. MES systems also are important for process control, as they help an operator navigate a QA or recipe process. An MES can also integrate with a processor’s ERP system to give full insight and visibility into production and operational management.
Starting MES starts with doing an internal evaluation of your organizations manufacturing operation and current processes. Identifying where key areas need improvement, and then finding a MES solution that address those key areas
There are various types of scales that a food manufacturer would use for various applications across the food manufacturing process. A few common types of scales include floor scales, bench scales, check weighers, and rail scales.
Many food processing plants that deal with bulk product will use large containers called combo bins. These bins are typically weighed with a floor scale. 食品加工者也可能会称重大型可重复使用的手提袋，或地板上的架子.
Checkweighers and conveyor scales are used in the food manufacturing process to weigh or checkweigh boxes or pieces travelling down a conveyor. Most of these applications are automated and don’t require an operator to oversee the process.
在大多数屠宰场设施中，悬挂的胴体在铁轨上称重. 这些轨道秤通常比大多数台式秤具有更大的重量容量. Rail scales can be both static and in-motion type scales. 这些秤通常用于跟踪整个收获层的产量.
There are many different types of thermal and direct thermal printers that can be used to print labels in food manufacturing. Honeywell, SATO, and Zebra are leading suppliers of industrial label printers for the food industry.
标签需要使用标准的工业标签打印机打印. 这些打印机不同于普通的办公室激光打印机. They’re designed specifically for printing on direct thermal, or thermal transfer label stock. Honeywell, SATO, and Zebra are leading suppliers of industrial label printers for the food industry.